Georgia is the country of an ancient and rich culture, which is indicated by cultural sites and various art works created in ancient period. Still BC, in Georgian states (Iberia, Colchis) jewelry and architecture was developed, (Vani, Uplistsikhe), Georgian tribes produced metal in neolith era. According to Greek sources and myths, Colchis was rich in gold.
During various time, Georgian cultural traditions were merged with foreign traditions enriching local culture more.
Georgia is distinguished with diversified architectural buildings being the treasure of the country. There are multiple architectural temples in big or small towns, in the villages, having complicated details and amazing frescos. The churches and monasteries built in the first millennium are still preserved, indicating that that time construction technology was well-developed.
At the end of 19th century development of modernization influenced Georgian architecture. The streets in Tbilisi and Batumi were created in this style, merged with the impressive construction built in Soviet Epoch.
Eastern and western civilizations played a great role in the formation of Georgia culture. By merging of those two civilizations Georgia created individual national culture. In this process iconography, fine art and enamel contributed much. As for cloisonné Enamel, this direction was emerged in Georgia and our country is considered as the land of origin.
In the 19 -20 centuries Georgian Arts used to receive education in Paris and Saint-Petersburg. Due to them the new phase was started in Georgian Art. Elene Akhvlediani, Lado Gudiashvili and Davit Kakabadze introduced cubism and impressionism style in Georgian dine art. It has to be noted the widely recognized artist, Primitivism, Niko Pirosmani here, whose works are very popular in the world.
Folk music is an important part of Georgian culture which is unique all over the world. Polyphony is characterized for Georgian folklore which is the top of folk music thinking. There are the plasts of archaic music.
It is not accidental, that UNESCO recognized Georgian polyphonic songs as a world non-material cultural monument and included it in the cultural inheritance list, and approved universal importance of Georgian traditional polyphony once again.
The interest towards traditional Georgian polyphony is growing more and more: In 2003 the research center of traditional polyphony was established in Vano Sarajishvili State Conservatory of Tbilisi, which organizes the international symposiums once per two years.
Famous scientists, folklorists, ethno-music scientists, composers and musicians recognize that there is no similarly developed polyphony in the world.
An American folklorist Alan Lomax called Georgia as a world folk music capital. Americans, by his advice, sent “Chakrulo” by performance of Ilia Zakaidze and Rostom Saginashvili, together with the Symphony # 9 by Beethoven and song of birds, to Space for introduction with world civilization.
National dance is the integral part of Georgian culture. Each part of country has its specific dance demonstrating the traditions, particular and local character. Georgian folk dance is kind of show with swords in the air, “flying” warriors, “coquettish” girls, extraordinary costumes and a unique rhythm- spectators are never bored with watching on them. Georgian dance groups are famous in the world. For instance Georgian National Ballet – An ensemble “The Sukhishvilis” counting about hundred year of its functioning.
References : PRESIDENT OF GEORGIA