In the Republic of Georgia the objects of ownership are: land and entrails of the earth, waters continental shelf resources, flora and fauna, enterprises, means of production, transport and information, dwelling-houses, dachas (country houses), objects of material and spiritual culture, money, securities, precious materials and stones, as well as other movable and immovable property. The result of economic or any other use of the property of an owner, industrial products, fruits and other earnings belong to the owner unless different is envisaged by the relevant law or treaty.
In January – April, 2018 the number of international arrivals in Georgia amounted to 2,060,264, showing an increase of 15.9% compared to the same period of previous year. Out of the total number of visits, 937,370 lasted longer than 24 hours (+27.2%). The majority of foreign travelers were Azerbaijanian (-0.5%), Armenian (+8.7%), Turkish (+23.9%), Russian (+31.2%) and Iranian (+69.3%).
A positive trend in arrivals was also observed among citizens of the European Union countries. A notable increase was registered of Estonian +83.1%, Latvian +55.8%, British +46.6%, Spanish +43.9%, Dutch +38.4% and French +24.4% travelers. Exceptional growth in arrivals was recorded of citizens of the following countries: Kuwait +111.4%, Iran +69.3%, China +58.2%, Saudi Arabia +57.9% and Israel +49.7%.
Georgia’s natural advantage as a gateway between Europe and Asia provides many benefits to investors in the manufacturing sector. In particular, Georgia offers competitive labor and energy costs, low taxes, and a corruption-free environment for serving the region, as well as numerous preferential/free trade agreements.
Manufacturing accounts for 11% of GDP and around 5% of employment. The food and non-metallic mineral products industries provide the largest industrial base for Georgia, while non-metallic mineral products, chemicals and food are the fastest growing industries.
Georgia is traditionally an agricultural country, which has 22 micro-climates varying from cool and dry to warm and humid. These diversified micro-climates allow for a longer than normal harvesting season and a wide range of growing conditions. Soils are of volcanic origin located in the river valleys. They tend to be quite fertile and reasonably easy to cultivate.
Why Invest in Agriculture and Food Processing
Over the last decade electricity consumption has grown largely in line with real GDP growth rate and reached 10.4 TWh in 2015. If This trend continues, in 10 years Georgia will have significant generation deficit. Between 2004 and 2010 as a result of renewal and rehabilitation of existing HPPs generation also grew significantly. Since 2012 twelve new HHPs have been commissioned, but as consumption continues to rise not only in Georgia, but in neighboring countries as well, there is great opportunity to develop new power plants to keep up with this ever increasing demand. According to estimates, only 25% of Georgia’s energy potential is exploited. Meaning that there is huge untapped potential, mostly from hydro resources, but also from wind, solar, geothermal and biomass sources as well.